Hughes

/hjuz/ (say hyoohz)

noun
1. Dick (Richard Hughes), born 1931, Australian jazz pianist and vocalist.
2. Howard, 1905–76, US industrialist, aviator, film producer, and eccentric.
3. Merv (Mervyn Gregory Hughes), born 1961, Australian Test cricketer, noted as a fast bowler.
4. Robert Studley Forrest, 1938–2012, Australian international art critic and author.
5. Robert Watson, 1912–2007, Australian composer and arranger, born in Scotland.
6. Ted (Edward James Hughes), 1930–98, English poet; appointed poet laureate 1984; was married to Sylvia Plath.
7. Thomas, 1822–96, English novelist; author of Tom Brown's Schooldays (1857).
8. Sir Walter Watson, 1803–87, Australian whaler, grazier, mine,r and philanthropist, born in Scotland; founder of the University of Adelaide.
9. Wendy, 1952–2014, Australian stage, television, and film actor.
10. William Morris (Billy, `the Little Digger'), 1862–1952, Australian federal politician; prime minister, representing Labor, 1915–16, the National Labor Party 1916–17, and the Nationalists 1917–23.
After studying art and architecture at the University of Sydney, Robert Studley Hughes abandoned a career as an artist in favour of writing in the area of art criticism. In 1964 he moved to Europe where he continued his career, and in 1970 moved to New York as art critic for Time magazine. His books on art include Heaven and Hell in Western Art (1969), The Art of Australia (1970) and The Shock of the New (1980); The Fatal Shore (1987) examines the system of convict transportation to Australia. He also made several noted television documentaries.
William Morris Hughes migrated to Australia from Britain in 1884 and threw himself into Sydney's busy labour movement before being elected to the first federal parliament in 1901. He was a minister in the short-lived Watson government and in the Fisher Labor governments. When Fisher resigned in 1915, Hughes, his energetic deputy, succeeded him as prime minister. As a supporter of military conscription for overseas service in World War I, Hughes found himself increasingly at odds with the Labor Party, and after the defeat of a referendum on the issue in 1916 he left the party to form the National Labor Party. He continued to govern with the support of the Liberal opposition, and in February 1917 formed a Nationalist government in coalition with Liberal leader Joseph Cook which convincingly won the election held in May 1917, but in December 1917 lost the second, bitterly fought, conscription referendum. Hughes forcefully pressed Australia's case at the Imperial War Conference in London in 1918 and the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, successfully securing compensation for Australia’s contribution of men and funds in the form of reparations and control of what had been German New Guinea. His tenacious pursuit of Australia’s interests earned him the nickname `the Little Digger'. Hughes led various Nationalist governments until February 1923, when he was forced to resign in favour of Stanley Bruce. In 1934 Hughes, by this time a United Australia Party member, re-entered the ministry and held various portfolios under Lyons and Menzies.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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  • Hughes — may refer to:Hughes (surname)Places: * Hughes Range (Antarctica)In Australia: * Division of Hughes, electoral district * Hughes, Australian Capital Territory, suburb of CanberraIn the United States: * Hughes, Alaska, city * Hughes, Arkansas, city …   Wikipedia

  • Hughes — [hjuːz] steht für Hughes (Familienname) – dort auch Namensträger (1878) Hughes, Nummer 1878 Hughes heißen folgende Unternehmen: Hughes Aircraft, ehemaliges Verteidigungs und Luftfahrtunternehmen der USA Hughes Helicopters, ein US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hughes H-4 — Hercules …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HUGHES (T.) — HUGHES TED (1930 ) Né à Mytholmroyd dans le Yorkshire, non loin de Haworth où avaient vécu les sœurs Brontë, marié à la poétesse Sylvia Plath qui s’est suicidée, Ted Hughes, un des plus grands poètes anglais du XXe siècle passa sa jeunesse entre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hughes MH-6 — Hughes OH 6 Cayuse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hughes XV-9 — Hughes XV 9 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HUGHES (R.) — HUGHES RICHARD (1900 1976) Né à Weybridge, dans le Surrey, Richard Hughes a éprouvé très tôt une attirance profonde pour le pays de Galles où, plus tard, il s’installa définitivement. C’est une éducation traditionnelle que reçut le jeune Richard …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hughes —   [hjuːz],    1) Arthur, britischer Maler und Illustrator, * London 27. 1. 1832, ✝ ebenda 22. 12. 1915; stand den Präraffaeliten nahe, deren Streben nach genauer Naturbeobachtung er teilte. Er malte bevorzugt Genrebilder mit romantischen Motiven… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hughes OH-6 — Cayuse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hughes — Hughes …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hughes XF-11 — Zweiter Protot …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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